Posts Tagged 'null'

SQL Server – Enter Value from Keyboard

Here’s another of those things I forget if I don’t use SQL Server for a while.

To enter a value of <NULL> into a field in SQL Server just type:
[Ctrl] + 0

(Hold down the Ctrl key and press the zero key).


vbNullString – Empty Cells in Excel VBA

My post on IsNull in Excel VBA has generated some hard thought!

The site Daily Dose of Excel kindly mentioned my post at

This has lead to some excellent discussion of the use of “empty” cells in Excel within either formula or VBA code.

I’ll repeat here what I posted on that site as a reference for myself and others:

[I was reminded of] some Win32 API programming in VB that I’d done years ago and I came across the following definition of vbNullString (now, I also note, repeated in the Office 2007 help file):

vbNullString – String having value 0 – Not the same as a zero-length string (“”); used for calling external procedures

As a VBA (or VB) string is only a pointer to a character array. The address in memory pointed to by this variable points to the start of the character array.

The array terminates in a 2-byte null terminator and is preceded by 4 bytes showing the length of the string in bytes.

Using “” to declare an empty string results in a character array of size 0. However, this will still contain the 4-byte length data, and the 2-byte terminator.

vbNullString still returns a pointer but one that does not point to any character array resulting in no 4-byte length field or 2-byte terminator.

An article by Microsoft (of which I have a printed copy but now can’t find the URL) on VBA optimization suggests that vbNullString would execute 50% faster than “”.

Basically, using vbNullString seems to be suitable in some case but not in others (e.g. in charts where it returns a value of 0).

I’m sure I’ll be adding more about this soon after I’ve had time to play with it some more.

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